These types of countries actually prosecute prostitutes/sex specialists, which to go a criminal offenses

These types of countries actually prosecute prostitutes/sex specialists, which to go a criminal offenses

That it 1999 legislation got two biggest desires: reducing prostitution (for a while because of the policing they as well as in the newest long identity of the switching public perceptions with the they) and cutting human trafficking to possess sexual motives (Holmstrom Skilbrei, 2017)

A second categorization scheme distinguishes among criminalization, legalization (or regulation), and decriminalization. The first category can be divided into “criminalization of the client” and “criminalization of the seller” (Ostergen, 2017). A third typology, with four categories, comes from Garotalo Geymonat (2014): criminalization (or prohibition), regulation (or legalization), abolitionism, and decriminalization. With criminalization, a state completely outlaws the exchange of sex for money. Criminalization may apply to workers or to clients, as in Sweden. With control, the state recognizes prostitution/sex work (only among adults and without any restrictions) and regulates the sexual activities. With abolitionism, prostitution/sex work is not illegal per se, but certain activities are declared illegal and banned, such as trafficking and third- party gain (as in brothels and pimping). Decriminalization, the newest category, has been occurring only since 2003, when New Zealand became the first straight from the source country to adopt this policy. In New Zealand there is no specific law on sex work, and selling sex and sexual services is equal to any other economic activity. Danna (2014) has suggested two additional categories: neo-prohibi- tionism (the criminalization of the client) and neo-regulationism (non-punitive toward sellers).

The Swedish Sex Purchase Act was first presented as part of the Womens Peace Bill. Its purpose was “to combat prostitution, which was seen as harmful, both for those directly involved and for society at large” (Holmstrom Skilbrei, 2017, p. 83). To accomplish these goals, the law criminalized the clients ot prostitutes (as we know, the law does not use the term sex professionals). These clients, who commit a criminal offence, are punished with a fine and in theory even with prison (in 2011, the prison sentence increased from 6 months to 12 months), but only 200 cases are reported each year, and of these only 10% end in a fine or imprisonment (Garofalo Geymonat, 2014). Nonetheless, many other countries, including Norway, Iceland, France, and Ireland, have adopted the “Swedish model.”

Based on Jonsson and you can Jakobsson (2017), there is certainly a higher level of public acceptance to own advantages- titution/sex work in countries in which prostitution/sex efforts are courtroom and/otherwise regulated compared to countries in which it’s unlawful otherwise criminalized

2 decades after, we can inquire: Performed the Swedish Sex Purchase Act go the wants? Considering Holmstrom and you will Skilbrei (2017), it’s very tough to influence the results, if any, of your Swedish legislation during the Sweden. First, why don’t we glance at the newest law’s first goal: brand new reduced amount of prostitution. Predicated on Kotsadam and you may Jakobsson (2014), prostitution is far more popular where it’s legal (as with Denmark) and less common in which it’s unlawful (as with Sweden). But not, “visibility” always relates to street prostitution. Since 1999, what number of female (and guys) who promote sex on the street into the Sweden provides decreased somewhat, however it is almost impossible to express a comparable about online prostitution. The latest law’s 2nd purpose would be to changes society’s viewpoints on the prostitution.

Hence, we are able to ending one to “this new Sex Get Work have lead to improved assistance regarding [Swedish] population for forbidding not simply buying sex and offering sexual services” (Svedin, Jonsson, Kjellgren, Priebe, Akerman, 2012, p. 33). To put it differently, it seems that the fresh new Swedish populace besides strongly favors the guidelines but also thinks your rules should criminalize this new vendors. But that it belief works contrary to the main objectives of your laws, and therefore aims to manage the subjects (new manufacturers) and also to criminalize the customers (Holmstrom Skilbrei, 2017).

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